Friday, October 28, 2011

UFS 301 Mid Term Exam Tips

Section A: MC Qs - 20 Marks
The World of Communication -
- Formal Communication Network
- Internal Communication
- Grapevine
- External & Internal Communication
- Communication Process
- Barriers of Communication
- Effective Communication
- Listening Process
- Channels of Communication

Section B: Subjectives - 40 Marks
   -  External Communication & Internal Communication
 - Vertical Communication, Horizontal  Communication & Diagonal Communication
 Gestures & Touching
 The Grapevine
 Non-verbal Communication & Verbal Communication

Section C - Essay Writing - 40 Marks
- Letter of Explanation
- Letter of Enquiry
- Letter of Complaint
- Telephone Etiquette

1) Please ensure that you have prepared your Resumes, Cover Letter/Letter of Application before the Mid Term Break (04 November 2011). Job Interviews will be held soon you come back from Mid Term Break.
2) Prepare your speech for individual presentation - Persuasive/Demonstrative Speech during your Mid Term Break. Get your topics approved by your respective lecturers before you leave for your break!

UFS 211 Mid Term Exam Tips

Section A: MC Qs - 20 Marks
Sentence Structure (Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound Complex)

Section B. 1 - Reading Comprehension - 20 Marks
Section B.2  - Topic & Topic Sentence (MC Qs) - 5 Marks
Section B. 3 - Topic & Topic Sentence (Subjective) - 15 Marks

Section C - Paragraph Writing
Topic, Topic Sentence, Supporting Sentences, Concluding Sentences, Transitional Signals
Topics: Food, Fast Food, College Students

1) Please ensure that you have prepared your draft for Folklore Story and submit the report before the Mid Term Break (04 November 2011).
2) Prepare your speech for individual presentation - Narrative Speech during your Mid Term Break.

Friday, October 7, 2011

UFS 301 Essentials Business Communication Skills (Course Outline)

Course Outline:

1)   JOB INTERVIEW ( 15 minutes/Individual)
      Each student has to prepare the following documents:
            -           Cover Letter / Letter of Job Application
-           Curriculum Vitae or Resume          
-           Letter of Recommendation

1)         CONTENT/ORGANIZATION                   -           3 MARKS
2)         PRESENTATION                                        -           3 MARKS
3)         LANGUAGE                                                 -           2 MARKS
4)         BODY LANGUAGE                                     -           2 MARKS
                                    TOTAL:                                             10 MARKS

2)   Presenting (Demonstrative or Persuasive)15-Minute Speech - (Individual Task) – 10%

i)                    You are asked to present a product or service to your audience which will persuade them to buy or use your product or service. You can choose something that already exists or something you create. The main point is to appeal to your audience. (Demonstrative or Persuasive)

ii)                  Prepare your Speech Outline and submit to your respective lecturer for approval. Each student is not allowed to have the same topic with the others and make sure your topic has been approved before your presentation.

iii)                You are required to keep all your original sources and you have to cite your sources/bibliography in your Speech Outline.

iv)                Mode of presentation – You are required to select either Power Point with visual (Still or moving Images) or you are allowed to bring the authentic materials however you have to get the approval from your respective lecturer.

v)                  You are not allowed to read your text but you can prepare ‘Que Cards’ for reference (Marks will not be awarded for reading). Rehearse your speech, time it, practise your eye contact and improve your pronunciation.

Marks Allocation:
1)   Content                -           3 marks
2)   Visual Aids           -           2 marks
3)   Language             -           3 marks
4)   Grammar             -           2 marks
                        Total:              10 marks

            Writing Formal Business Report
Form a group of 4 - 6 members and select an interesting product or service (Related to your field of studies) that you would like to carry out a survey on. Your group leader has to delegate tasks to each members and your report should consist of these details:

1)      Formal Business Report
2)      Questionnaires
3)      Interview Report
4)      Findings – Raw Data
5)      Bibliography / Source
6)      Graphs or Charts of Findings
7)      Gannt Chart – Progress Report
Each group has to present the report using Power Point with some visual to support your report.

1)         BUSINESS REPORT FORMAT               -           3 MARKS
2)         CONTENT                                                    -           7 MARKS
3)         ORAL PRESENTATION                           -           7 MARKS
4)         GRAMMAR                                                 -           3 MARKS
                                    TOTAL:                                             20 MARKS

4)   Oral Presentation (Group) – To present topics in Chap. 1 & 2 (10%)

5)    Mid Term Assessment (10%)
      A mid-term assessment will be held on week 8 and will be based on topics covered up  
      to week 6. Absence without a valid reason will result in an automatic failure of the

      The final examination will be conducted on week 16 and the paper is for 2 hours

Download your Lecture Notes here:

“To steal ideas from one person is plagiarism, to steal ideas from many is research.”  ~ Wilson Mizner Quotes~

“You learn something every day if you pay attention.” 
 ~ Ray LeBlond~

Wednesday, September 21, 2011

Life is Like a Cup of Coffee!

An Incredible Love Story

View more presentations from fredajane79

UFS 211 - Course Outline


  1. Group Project- Folklore Short Story   (10 Marks) – 14 Oct 2011
This should be a short story based on a Malaysian theme. Each group should consist of 4-5 persons and should produce a folklore short story of about 800 words (not including the prefatory pages, e.g. cover page, acknowledgement, content page etc, The students should conduct a simple investigation to collect relevant data or information from secondary sources such as books, newspaper, magazines or articles from the internet (Bibliographical style according to Harvard Referencing System). The topic chosen by the students must be approved by the lecturer concerned before any work on the project is carried out. Subsequently, the students in the same group will decide on the sequence of the presentation and the section each student is responsible for. Finally, the students will prepare visual and rehearse for the presentation.

Assessment criteria for short story
The written short story will be assessed on:
  1. The ability to identify the theme
  2. Originality of analyses and ideas
  3. The ability to present the story in a logical, coherent and well structured discourse
  4. Students’ written language competency

Language                            3                     
Content                               5                     
Organization & Style            2
Total:                                 10 Marks

Guideline for typing
Font: Times New Roman/ Arial
Font size: 12
1.5 spacing
A4- sized paper
Printed on A5 paper
Submission Deadline:    Week 1 (12 -16 Sept 2011) - submit title of the story
Week 3 (26 – 30 Sept 2011) - show edited / revised draft
Week    5 (10 – 14 Oct 2011) - submit written short story

2.         Video or oral presentation (10 Marks) – 12 to 16 Dec 2011 - 19 to 23 Dec 2011 (Week 19 -20)

Students will record their play and present it to the class. If the students are unable to
record the play , they should act  out in the class. Each group is given 15 minutes to present  
their play.

Assessment criteria for video or oral presentation

Students will be assessed on:
1.     Clear and intelligible English pronunciation with proper stress
2.     Presentation skill ( voice projection/ control, eye contact, body language, etc)

Language                                              3
Content                                                 3
Visuals & Overall impression Delivery     4

      Presentation time: 15-20 minutes

3.         Grammar Test – (10 Marks) – Week 13 (5 – 9 Dec 2011)

Students will be tested on conjunctions, verbs, adjectives and adverbs in Week 13. The test items will be prepared and administered by individual lecturer in class. Students will be individually assessed. The question paper must be submitted together with the answer script at the end of the test. Students have 1 hour to complete the test.

Assessment Criteria

  1. Wrong use of participle:0mark
  2. Wrong tenses: ½  of the total mark
  3. Wrong subject –verb agreement:1/2of the total mark
  4. Without verb to be:0 mark
  5. Spelling errors or missing words in the sentence: Deduct ½ mark.

4.         Reflection Journal (Blogging) and classroom participation / attendance (10 Marks)

Students are required to watch 5 movies in any genres with their peers (One selected by the lecturer). Then, they are required to write a critique to reflect their opinions based on the movies and retell the story of the movies in their own style of writing. The journal should be written in their own blog. (20 entries with 300 words for each post)

             Submission date: Week 12 (30th Nov 2011).

5.         Vocabulary Presentation – (10 marks) – Pair work

      Students in pair will choose 5 new vocabularies with more than 3 syllables and present to the class. They must include – Word, Meaning, Antonym, Synonym, IPA and write it on their blog and distribute handouts to the students. All the words presented will be tested in Quiz.

6.   Narrative Speech – The Unforgettable Childhood Memories (10 Marks) –                              Mode: Individual –  Week 10 -14

      Each student is required to choose any topic and present to the class for 10 minutes. Students are advised to refer to their respective lecturer for approval of their topic and they are not allowed to have the same topic with their friends. Students are strictly required to memorize the speech and not allowed to read from the paper.

Rapport      – 2 Marks
Content       - 3 Marks
Voice          -  2 Marks
Grammar     -  3 Marks
Total:            10 Marks



Classic Novels

1)         Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen

2)         Sense and Sensibility, by Jane Austen

3)         The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain

4)         Andersen's Fairy Tales by Hans Christian    

5)         Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte

Download e-book at:

Download your Lecture Notes here:

“To steal ideas from one person is plagiarism, to steal ideas from many is research.”  ~ Wilson Mizner Quotes~

“You learn something every day if you pay attention.” 
 ~ Ray LeBlond~

UFS 201 - Course Outline

1. Vocabulary Presentation (10%):
§  Pair Work – To present 10 new words (more than 3 syllables) to the class each week during class.
§  Suggested reading materials for reference - novels and story books to students. (hardcopy / online books) – 5 Short Stories or 2 Novels

2. Reflection Journal / Blogging (10%)
§  Students spend 20 minutes in the class/home to reflect and write about their learning process (100 - 200 words).
§  Guided by the lecturer.
§  Do it in the student’s own blog/diary.
§  20 entries only

3.  Grammar Quiz, 10%: 50 grammar questions (2 marks each) (10%).

4. Drama Project (20%):
§  Final project
§  Students have to create a drama and act it out.
§  Script (content and language) 5%, Presentation /oral skills and body language 8%, teamwork and props 2%.
§  Choose the best group in each class to compete in a drama competition in week 11.
§  Combine 2 lessons in week 11 and hold it at the auditorium on Saturday.
§  Invite 3 judges
§  Winners will be awarded with hampers while all participants will be awarded with certificates.

5. Midterm Project (2 minutes Impromptu Speech) (10%):
§  Students have to create and perform a skit to promote a product.
§  Language 5%, Body language 3%, Creativity 2%.
§  Guided presentation – topics to be prepared by respective lecturer)

6. Final Examination (40%):
§  Comprehension (dialogues or excerpts from novels or story books: 14%
 (7 x 2marks)
§  Vocabulary: 16% (8 x 2 marks)
§  Grammar: 50% (25 x 2 marks)
§  Dialogue writing: 20% (Content 8%, Language 8%, Organization 4%)




Classic Novels

1)         Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens

2)         Little Women by Louisa May Alcott

3)         A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens

4)         Around the World in 80 Days by Jules Verne

5)         The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain



Notes Can be Downloaded here:

1.     Adjectives, Idioms, Prepositions : Click here:

2.     Active & Passive Voice / Modals: Click here:

Tuesday, August 23, 2011

UFS 201 - Final Exam Tips


Multiple Choice  20 Questions (Idioms, Preposition, Conjunction & Vocabulary)


Part I:   Reading Comprehension
Part II: Change Direct Speech to Indirect Speech
Part III: Putting Adjectives in the Correct Order


Part I: Writing a short paragraph based on the topic given. The paragraph should be 100 to 150 words.

For example:

a) If I were a chief minister,...

b) If I have a big house,...

c) If I were a doctor,...

d) If I were an engineer,...

Part II:

Choose ONE of the two synopses and write a story dialogue based on the synopsis chose. It should be 150 to 200 words. You may include narration where necessary.

For example:

1) Azhar failed in final examination. As a friend, try to give him some word of encouragement & advice.

2) Farra and Joanna are planning to go on vacation. Discuss about your planning.

Please study the previous post according to the tips given.

Best of Luck and Have a Nice Holiday!


Monday, August 22, 2011

UFS 211 - Academic Reading & Writing in English Tips

Section A (20 Marks)
10 Multiple Choice Questions of Parts of Speech

Section B (40 Marks)
Q1 - Identifying Topic Sentences
Q2  - Writing Topic Sentences
Q3 - Identifying Dependent & Independent Clause

Section C (40 Marks)
Paragraph Writing (Smoking, Television, Foreign Language, Procrastination)
- Topic
- Topic Sentences
- Supporting Details
- Conclusion
- Linkers/ Sequence Connectors

Best of Luck & Kindly go through the notes given earlier.

Tuesday, June 28, 2011

Sentence Structure (UFS 211)

The term sentence structure refers to the conventions governing the construction of sentences. These rules may vary across languages and regions; this page is specifically concerned with the rules governing sentence construction or structure in standard English.

What Is a Sentence?

A sentence is a subject and a predicate working together to convey meaning. That is to say, every sentence contains something (a person, place, thing, or idea) and that thing must act insome way (even if the action is merely existing).

Subjects and Predicates

Subject: noun that takes action in a clause or sentence.
Predicate: action that occurs in a clause or sentence.
Predicates are the same thing as verbs, but “predicate” is the preferred terminology when discussing sentence structure.

Understanding Subjects and Predicates

Being able to identify subjects and predicates is requisite to understanding sentence structure. Understanding sentence structure will enable you to use punctuation with confidence and to better understand how the English language works. Let’s look at an example:
Jimmy ran.
When attempting to examine the structure of a sentence, you should first ask yourself, what is the action? In the above example, “ran” is the action and, thus, the predicate. We can identify the subject by asking ourselves who or what takes the predicate? Or, in this case,who ran?  Since “Jimmy” takes the predicate, “Jimmy” is the subject.
A predicate may also be a verb of being such as in this example:
Jimmy is mad.
The subject of the sentence is “Jimmy,” but what is the predicate? It is not “mad,” but rather “is.”  This is because one cannot mad, but one can be, and “is” is a form of being.  Mad describes the way Jimmy exists.


In addition to subjects and predicates, sentences may also contain objects.  An object is any noun in a sentence or clause that does not take a predicate.
Let’s look at an example:
Jimmy threw a pencil at Eric.
What is the predicate? Threw.
Once you have identified the predicate, you can locate the subject by asking yourself:
Who threw? Jimmy threw.
Because Jimmy takes the predicate, he is the subject of the sentence.
But what about Eric? Well, Eric doesn’t do anything in the sentence. “Eric” is merely acted upon by Jimmy; therefore, “Eric” is an object.
At this point my students often respond by saying, “But Eric does something. Eric gets hit by a pencil!” However, in the sentence, “Jimmy threw a pencil at Eric,” Eric does nothing. Contrarily, in the sentence, “Eric gets hit by a pencil,” Eric takes the predicate, “gets.” Because he takes the predicate, Eric is the subject. So, to reiterate, subjects are nouns in a sentence or clause that take predicates, and objects are nouns that do not.

Imperative Sentences

An imperative sentence is a the one type of sentence that does not require a subject to be grammatically complete. Imperative sentences are used for commands and instructions. The subject of an imperative sentence is always “you,” and it is always implied.
For example, what is the subject in this sentence?
Example of an Imperative Sentence:
Stop right there.
The first step in analyzing the structure of a sentence is to locate the predicate. “Stop” is the predicate in the above example, but who should stop? Most speakers would understand thatthe subject of the sentence is implicitly “you”; therefore, “you” should stop and the sentence is understood as such:
How an Imperative Sentence Is Understood:
(You,) stop right there.

Compound Subjects and Predicates

A sentence or clause must have at least one subject and predicate but may have more. When two or more subjects act on the same predicate, that sentence has a compound subject. When a subject has two or more predicates, we say that the sentence has a compound predicate.
Example of a Compound Subject:
Chris and I went to the party.

What is the predicate? Went. Who went? Chris and I . Since two subjects act on the same predicate, this sentence has a compound subject.
Example of a Compound Predicate:
I went home and took a nap.
What is the predicate? Went and took. Who went and tookI. Since the subject “I” takes two predicates, going and taking, the sentence has a compound predicate.

Example of a Compound Subject and Compound Predicate:

Shelly and I went home and took a nap.
It is possible for a sentence to have a compound subject and a compound predicate. What are the predicates in the above sentence? Went and took. Who “went” and took”? Shelly and I. Since the sentence has two subjects acting on the same two predicates, the sentence has a compound subject and compound predicate.

What Is a Clause?

A clause is a subject or group of subjects and a predicate or group of predicates working together. A sentence can have as few as one clause, or it may have many clauses. Clauses are to sentences what rooms are to houses. A sentence may have only one clause like a studio may have only one room, or a sentence may have many clauses like a house may have many rooms. Clauses are the building blocks of longer sentence.

Independent Clauses

An independent clause is a subject and a predicate working together and expressing a complete thought. An independent clause does not contain any subordinating or coordinating conjunctions, and could be removed from a larger sentence to stand on its own as a complete grammatical unit.

Dependent Clauses

As with every clause, a dependent clause has a subject and a predicate, but unlike an independent clause, a dependent clause does not express a complete thought by itself.Dependent clauses contain either a subordinating or coordinating conjunction and must be joined to an independent clause. A dependent clause that is not joined with an independent clause is one type of sentence fragment.
A Dependent Clause Joined with an Independent Clause
We should leave while the getting is good.
This above sentence contains two clauses. The first clause is independent and could stand by itself as a complete grammatical unit:
Independent Clause:
We should leave.
The predicate phrase is “should leave,” and the subject is “we.” Because this clause does not contain any conjunctions, it expresses a complete thought and, therefore, is independent.
Contrarily, the second clause in the example sentence is dependent, meaning it does not express a complete thought by itself. Let’s take a close look:
Dependent Clause
While the getting is good.

Though the clause contains a subject and a predicate (getting and is), the clause also contains a subordinating conjunction (while). Because of the subordinating conjunction “while,” the clause is dependent on another clause to express a complete thought. If we remove the subordinating conjunction:
Independent Clause:
The getting is good.

The clause is now independent, expresses a complete thought, and may form an independent grammatical unit.
Subordinating and coordinating conjunctions join clauses to make different sentence types.

Simple Sentences

Simple sentences have only one clause. Here is an example of a simple sentence:
Simple Sentence Example
Tom took his ball and went home.

What is the predicate? Took and went. Who took and wentTom. So we have one subject taking two predicates, or a single subject and a group of predicates working together. Though this sentence has a compound predicate, it is still a single clause and thus a simple sentence.

Compound Sentences

Compound sentences have two or more clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction.The coordinating conjunctions are for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. I use the acronym (F.A.N.B.O.Y.S.) to remember these. A new clause begins when the coordinator introduces the next subject. Here is an example:
Example of a Compound Sentence
Janie cried but she didn’t get her way.

The first clause has the subject, “Janie,” crying. The coordinating conjunction “but” allows me to connect my second clause (which has the subject “she” not getting her way) without creating a run-on sentence. Because this sentence has two subjects and predicates independent from one another, this sentence has two clauses. Because the two clause are joined with “but,” a coordinating conjunction, this is a compound sentence.

Complex Sentences

A complex sentence is two or more clauses joined with a subordinating conjunction.Here are some common subordinating conjunctions: unless, before, after, during, because, since, although, and if. Subordinating conjunctions will turn independent clauses into dependent clauses. These dependent clauses can be joined with independent clauses to make longer, more complex sentences.
Example of a Complex Sentence:

Although sentence structure can be confusing, she now understood it well.
In this sentence we have two clauses joined with a subordinating conjunction; therefore, this is a complex sentence. Let’s take a closer look at the first clause:
Example of a Dependent Clause:
Although sentence structure can be confusing,

The predicate in the clause is actually a verb phrase: “can be.” Once we have identified the predicate, we locate the subject by asking ourselves, what can be? In this example it is “structure” or “sentence structure.” Because it has a subject and a predicate, the above example is a clause, but because of the subordinator, “Although,” the clause is dependent and requires an independent clause to express a complete idea. If we were to remove the subordinating conjunction, the clause would be independent:
The Same Clause, Now Independent
Sentence structure can be confusing.

Do you see the difference? This is the power of conjunctions: they make clauses dependent thereby allowing us to build longer sentences without creating run-ons.

Run-on Sentences

A run-on sentence is when two independent clauses are joined. It is a common misconception that run-on sentences have something to do with the length of sentence when this is not the case. Whether a sentence is considered a run-on actually has to do with the the structure of the sentence and not its length.
A Short Run-On Sentence

I went home Mom was there.
There are two clauses in the above example. The predicate of the first clause is “went” and the subject is “I.” In the second clause the predicate is “was” and the subject is “Mom.” Because no conjunction is used to coordinate or subordinate the two independent clauses, the above sentence is a run-on.
There is, however, one piece of punctuation with which we can join independent clauses, and that punctuation is the semicolon ( ; ). The semicolon’s primary use is to combine independent clauses. The semicolon should be used like a period or other end mark; however, the semicolon joins independent clauses whereas the other end marks separate them.
Example of Semicolon Usage
I went home; Mom was there.

The semicolon is primarily used for elaborating ideas and carries an implicit “furthermore” with each use. When you are using or checking for proper use of the semicolon, you should substitute the word “furthermore” in its place. If the sentence still makes sense, and the semicolon is joining two independent clauses, then it is being used appropriately.

In Conclusion…

Sentence structure is a sprawling topic containing many rich nuances which I have not begun to cover. The goal of this page was to provide readers with a summary understanding of sentence structure in standard English.